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英语介词全攻略(10)

时间:2015-03-18 20:24来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
(七)、OF 1.动词+of a)动词+of。of意为有关,由于: beg of(sb.)请求某人,complain of抱怨, consist of由构成, die of死于, dream of梦想, hear of听说, know of了解, speak of谈及, tell of讲到, think of想起,
  •   (七)、OF
      1.动词+of
      a)动词+of。of意为“有关,由于”: beg of(sb.)请求某人,complain of抱怨,
      consist of由…构成, die of死于, dream of梦想, hear of听说, know of了解,
      speak of谈及, tell of讲到, think of想起, talk of论及。例如:
      Never has one of them complained of all the trouble we give.
      从来没有人抱怨我们带来这么多麻烦。
      Carbon dioxide consists of carbon and oxygen.
      二氧化碳由碳、氧两种元素组成。
      b)动词+sb.+of+sth.。其中of有“剥夺,有关”之意:
      accuse of控告(谴责,非难)某人, cheat of骗走, deprive of剥夺,
      inform of汇报, rob of抢走, remind of提醒, warn of警告。例如:
      He has cheated me of my poverty. 他骗走了我的财产。
      They are deprived of their rights as citizens.
      他们的公民权都被剥夺了。
      c)动词+sth.+ of +sb.。介词of表动宾关系,后接动作的宾语
      sb.:request of请求(某人做某事), require of要求得到。例如:
      All I request of you is that you should come here early.
      我唯一的请求就是希望你早点来。
      You have done all the law requires of you.
      你做的这一切都是法律对你的要求。
      2. be +形容词+ of。of后接表对象或目标的词,这类短语有很多:
      be aware of觉察, be ashamed of以…为耻, be afraid of担心,
      be bare of没有, be careful of小心, be clear of还清债务,
      be certain of确信, be composed of由…构成, be envious of嫉妒,
      be forgetful of健忘, be fond of喜欢, be free of免于;
      摆脱, be full of充满, be guilty of认罪, be hopeful of抱有希望,
      be informed of汇报, be impatient of对…无耐心, be jealous of嫉妒,
      be made of用…制成, be mindful of留意, be proud of以…为骄傲,
      be sick of烦于, be short of缺乏, be sure of确信, be tired of困于,
      be worthy of值得。
      3.of+名词构成的词组:of age成年, of choice精选的,of course当然,
      of late最近,of name有名的,of oneself自动地,of purpose有意地,
      of use有用,of values有价值的。

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