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GRE写作必背单词和短语(11)

时间:2015-07-29 12:45来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
51. 若干重;若干刃 a double-edged sword 双刃剑 e.g. This type of advertisement can be a doubt-edged sword, when the product does not make the person be like the person in the advertisement, there can be disappointment and disillus
  •   51. 若干重;若干刃
      a double-edged sword 双刃剑
      e.g. This type of advertisement can be a doubt-edged sword, when the
      product does not make the person “be like” the person in the
      advertisement, there can be disappointment and disillusionment with the
      product.
      a two-edged weapon 双重武器
      e.g. As is so often pointed out, knowledge is a two-edged weapon which
      can be used equally for good or evil.
      twofold/threefold/manifold adj.双重/三重/多种
      e.g. We have to ask ourselves very seriously what will happen is this
      twofold use of knowledge, with its ever-increasing power, continues.
      e.g. The City Council has a manifold plan to beautify the city.
     
      52. have little bearing on …与…无关
      e.g. Moreover, assisting large cities would have little bearing on our
      distinct cultural traditions, which abide elsewhere.
      with respect to… 关于
      e.g. Personal economic success might be due either to one's investment
      strategy or to one's work or career. With respect to the former,
      non-conformists with enough risk tolerance and patience invariably achieve
      more success than conformists. With respect to the latter, while
      non-conformists are more likely to succeed in newer industries where
      markets and technology are in constant flux, conformists are more likely to
      succeed in traditional service industries ensconced in systems and
      regulations.
     
      53. 先天的,天生的
      innate adj.先天的, 天生的(Correct ideas are not innate in the mind,
      but come from social practice.)[O] acquired adj.后天习得的
      inborn adj.天生的( an inborn sense of the appropriate || inborn
      intelligence)
     
      54. 利用;有益于
      conduce to 有助于
      e.g. encouraging students to question and criticize is conducing to the
      development of democratic spirits.
      be beneficial to …
      e.g. A national core curriculum would be beneficial to a nation in a
      number of respects.
      harness v.利用
      e.g. The dilemma facing leaders in all areas of life is how to best assess
      these individuals to determine how to best harness their capabilities to
      reach their ultimate productive capabilities.
      take advantage of …
      make its contribution to …
     
      55. 消除;减轻
      eliminate v. 排除,消除(eliminate the false and retain the true ||
      eliminate the possibility of= preclude the possibility of)
      diminish v. 使减小,使变少(diminish one’s reputation || diminish the
      cost of production)
      undermine v.破坏,削弱(formal study of the present culture at the
      expanse of studying past cultures can undermine the function of higher
      education, and ultimately provide a disservice to students and to society.)

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